Comments on John 2:1-11
From John: The book about Life, by Matthew R. Freije
Scripture taken from the NEW AMERICAN STANDARD BIBLE®, © Copyright The Lockman Foundation 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995. Used by permission.
Jesus’ attendance at the wedding in Cana indicates His endorsement of marriage. Weddings in this culture often lasted a week or two.
Turning water into wine was different than the other miracles performed by Jesus. Most of the other miracles met direct needs—healing illnesses, casting out demons, providing food. But the wine was not a critical need for the wedding; it was primarily for pleasure.
This was the first miracle that Jesus performed in the presence of the disciples. John states in 2:11 that this beginning of His signs manifested Jesus’ glory, causing the disciples to believe in Him. This was likely the very purpose for the miracle—that the new disciples would believe in the supernatural power of Jesus, and thus continue following Him. Bear in mind that the disciples had sacrificed much to follow Jesus—they left their jobs; some even left their families. Perhaps they were questioning the radical decision, and this miracle persuaded them to continue following Him.
Jesus may have had other reasons for doing the miracle: to show respect for His mother, so that she would not be humiliated, or simply to provide pleasure for the people at the wedding.
Addressing His mother as Woman (2:4) was not disrespectful. In fact, Woman was a term of respectful address. He used the same word when speaking to her with affection from the cross (Henry):
"Woman, behold, your son!"
My hour has not yet come (2:4). Jesus meant that the time for manifesting Himself as Messiah had not yet come (Ryrie).